The Bunsen Burner Chemistry Lab

The bunsen burner chemistry laboratory, are fundamental because a heat generator is needed that by means of the combustion, producing a flame is used to heat, produce reactions, sterilize and identify substances. He is employed in all laboratories of the world.laboratories of the world.

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🔥What is a laboratory Bunsen burner?

The Bunsen burner chemistry laboratory, is a heat generating instrument, using a gas connection, intense heat transmitter and in a fast way. It is a simple heat source that can reach 1500°C. It is also known as a Bunsen burner or gas burner, it is used to heat samples and substances.

It is where the gas connection is placed that will later burn to propitiate caloric energy. It was created by Bunsen Robert in the year 1857. It uses petroleum-derived gas to operate among which are methane, ethane or a mixture of butane with propane.

It is considered an efficient safe heat source. Its name is due to whoever invented it, it is small, lightweight and can be moved anywhere. It is used in the laboratories of chemistry, physics, biology scientific research. In the origins of this device it was achieved that its elaboration came from.


From an agreement between the University of Heidelberg and Bunsen. This would grant him a building for his laboratory instead he would have to improve the lighting system of the university. Both parties fulfilled the doto university of the laboratory and bunsen not only arranged the lighting system.

But from the already carried out installation of burners in laboratories. He optimized their temperatures and decreased the luminosity they produced. He asks the mechanic of the Desaga Peter study house to build a lighter-type piston.

It would generate heat efficiently, reduced soot and provided a luminous, stable flame by mixing gas with air. Which was controlled before combustion.

The ignition of Bunsen's lighter

🔥What is the name of the laboratory lighter?

The Bunsen burner chemistry laboratory, it is known by the name of who invented it the bunsen burner, it is also attributed the relative name as bunsen burner, gas burner. The most common gas lighters in laboratories are bunsen's.

Currently there are several types of lighter, but there are three that work under the same principle created by bunsen but different in their form, which are the tirril lighter, meker.

🔥How does the Bunsen burner work?

Its operation is from the combustion of a mixture
of gas with the air. The device has holes in its base where it enters
the air to mix with the gas. Bunsen burner uses natural gas
methane, ethane, a mixture of butane with propane.

🔥What are the steps to light a Bunsen lighter?

The steps to ignite, regulate to the bunsen burner are as follows, connect one end of the rubber hose to the base tube, from the other end to the gas valve. Both gas and air must remain closed. Light the phosphor or plasterboard at a certain distance from the body.

Bring the match close to the mouth of the lighter at a safe distance. At the same time open the gas outlet key. Adjust the air inlet on the instrument the flame will first be yellowish and later the adjustment will turn bluish. If the flame breaks out it is excess air while if it blows and seeks to extinguish it lacks gas.

Opening the gas valve a little more or closing the air inlet you will get a serene, vibrant sustained flame. The lighter is now ready for use.

🔥Bunsen burner parts chemistry laboratory

The Bunsen chemistry laboratory lighter is made up of an iron base, which provides support, support to a vertical tube. It starts from there, being inside where the gas plus the air flows. The vertical tube has a head, known as a combustion tube is screwed to the base.

It also has a slot on the sides to allow air to enter plus a stopcock to open or close the gas supply. Where it is adjusted for higher or lower temperature. The gas connector tube is where one end of the hose is connected. While the other joins the gas supplier network.

The gas-air fluid is a flammable mixture that produces a flame due to combustion. If the flame is observed yellowish reddish it is dirty and heats less. On the contrary, if the flame is blue, it generates more heat on the object.

🔥Bunsen burner chemistry laboratory what is it for

The bunsen burner chemistry laboratory is used in chemistry, biology, physics and research laboratories. For heating liquids and solids that are studied, sterilizing utensils, molding, bending glass rods, for the analysis of substances burned in the flame.

Heat or calcines samples with minimal amounts of substances. For the detection of the presence of metals and in the quality control in metallurgy. As a quick and economical method of analysis. For the qualitative analysis of the components of a substance.

It is used in the examination of precipitates and purity checking. Heating of substances and compounds, is a source of heat generation. For obtaining temperatures no higher than 1500°C. In the low temperature flame the volatile compounds that color the flame are identified.

🔥Something more to know

In the lower oxidation part of the flame is used to melt substances. The lower burning zone is used to burn charcoal and glass. In the determination of different temperatures in the flame are performed with the platinum wire. At 525 °C flame light red, at 700°C dark red color, at950 °C is cherry red.

Also at 1100 °C it colors yellowish, at 1300°C it gives bright white. It is used to intervene in a wide variety of processes, methods and tests in the flame. To oxidize substances in the almost transparent flame zone. Perform thermal decomposition and identify by color various elements.

Such as copper, bluish-green color, sodium, deep yellow, calcium orange-red color. Sterilization of materials with the elimination of microorganisms on their surface. In the distillation, extraction of substances, essences, for the determination of boiling points.

🔥Bunsen burner chemistry laboratory features

The burner of Bunsen chemistry laboratory possesses the features, general is that it allowed the discovery of various substances. Facilitates work in laboratories, produces rapid heat transfer with intensity. They are liquefied natural gas burners derived from petroleum, it has an adjustable air and gas key.

Temperatures of 1500°C are obtained, the heat of the flame and the amount of gas is adjusted to the size of the inner hole of the tube. It is made of a light metal such as aluminum and its size is small which allows it to be stored anywhere.

🔥Bunsen burner chemistry laboratory price

On the internet you can get different prices for bunsen lighter here are some. For example in mercado libre Venezuela get bunsen lighter with regulator 27.300.000, another equal to 1.200.000 Bs. Aragua. New bunsen lighter A25vds. 1.200.000 Bs. Aragua.

Another new bunsen lighter in its 1.500.000 Bs package. Capital District. In Miranda lighter for camping gas 1.200.000 Bs. Bunsen Type Metal Lighter, 1,200,000 Bs in Merida. In ibdciencias they offer basic bunsen burner of height 120 mm, for butane / propane gas. 12,00 €.

The Bunsen burner chemistry laboratory, is an article loaded with information that you need to know to handle the device skillfully.

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