What is organic chemistry?, question that refers us to his importance for the human being. Organic chemistry has characteristics that it relates to life, to the world around us. In this sense the most common are the structures of the molecules that make up living beings. The which are fundamental in the various combinations of the carbon atom.
- 🧪 What is organic chemistry?
- 🧪Organic chemistry and its examples
- What does organic chemistry study?
- 🧪Organic chemistry and its importance
- 🧪History of organic chemistry
- 🧪The properties of organic chemistry
🧪 What is organic chemistry?
It works with the structure, reactions of carbon compounds. It is part of an extension of the chemistry responsible for the determination of carbon compounds. She is informally referred to as the one who studies everything about the element carbon. He is dedicated to the research of compounds coming from living beings.
Study everything related to molecules containing carbon. It's a discipline called carbon chemistry. It is also named as the soul of organic chemistry (carbon). Focused on substances where molecules possess carbon. It works with substances of plant and animal origin.
It is also defined according to its origin, functionality, etc. In its language it determines compounds such as carbohydrates, hydrocarbons, among others. Study artificial and natural organic compounds.
🧪Organic chemistry and its examples
There are numerous examples regarding organic chemistry here we will address some examples. The manufacture of soaps, is used among the ingredients organic compounds such as animal fats, oils, vegetable essences. Respiration uses the element oxygen to associate it with substances and thus transport the element to the respiratory system.
Energy storage in the body, lipids, carbohydrates are organic compounds but also great energy stores. Vaccines are doses of microorganisms of a certain disease that causes the development of antibodies in the body. In paints, where the main component is formaldehyde.
It is used for application on the walls of the home, on fingernails to give it color. Disinfection, preparation of drinks, preservation of food. It is related to the organic compound such as ethanol. The domestic gas used for food preparation at home is butane gas.
🧪More you should know
The utensils that we use in various human activities such as cutlery, earthenware, glasses made of plastic. They are a product of the organic compound polyethylene, ethylene (alkene). pesticides, which in composition possesses the organic compound called chlorobenzene. Rubber, from the sap of plants or artificially with butene (alkenes).
To obtain leather, where the skin is subjected to acetaldehyde treatments animal skins.In agrochemistry, the use of compounds such as aniline, its derivatives and amines to promote sowing. For dietary supplements who in their constitution possess organic substances such as amino acids to raise the amount of nutrients in the human body.
What does organic chemistry study?
The composition of molecules with carbon atoms. It studies the chemical procedures inherent in cells. Chemical phenomena on which living beings depend. The metabolism of substances in various organisms including humans. He studies the structure, reactions of compounds consisting of carbon and hydrogen.
It also analyzes the synthesis of the structures of organic molecules in living and inert organisms. Investigates substances of plant and also animal origin.
🧪Organic chemistry and its importance
They are all those that have to do with inert and living organic matter. It has great relevance in the study of the molecular processes carried out by living organisms. To the understanding of metabolic processes. In cellular biological processes, the action of carbohydrates on the plasma membrane.
It allows the study of ADU - RNA in man. As living beings are made up of various molecules, it is indispensable for the understanding of the functioning of bodies and in general of life. It lies in knowing the carbon molecules present on the planet with reference to their interrelation with the environment.
it is of vital importance for the transmission of nerve impulses in relation to the perception of taste, hearing, sight, touch and smell. For the synthesis of inert organic molecules among which the synthesis of petroleum, plastic is outlined. The planet's formic acid, hydrocarbons, organic compounds with functional groups.
The synthesis in living organisms of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, hormones. For research in biochemistry, medicine, pharmacy today and in the future.
🧪History of organic chemistry
Newborn was considered the chemistry of living things and related substances. It was thought that organic substances they possessed a vital force of living beings. In 1675 Lémery, classified the chemical products according to the vegetable origin and animal. Lavoisier Antoiner 1784 proved that the vegetable and animal products they were made up of carbon and hydrogen and in a smaller amount by anitrogen, oxygen, sulfur. Berzelius Jacob 1807, classified chemicals into organic in those from living organisms.
In the 1820 – 1828 Wohler Fiedrich, synthesized a substance organic “Urea” from an inorganic substance ammonium cyanate found in the urine of animals, In the same year Kolbe-Berthelot synthesize ethanol (alcohol) and acetic acid (vinegar). Years later Kekule - Van't Hoff-Lebel discovered the tetra-valence of carbon, how it was bound, the spatial distribution in the compounds. In the mid-1830s, the organic chemistry as a discipline. For the 1856 Perkin William, he manufactured the first organic dye.
🧪In the XVII – XX century
Between the years 1838 – 1906, the information of the advances in organic chemistry of this period. Belstein Fiedrich performs the presentation of organic chemistry worldwide by means of a German publication. While in the 1880 the sale of the manual of organic chemistry in 15 volumes on organic compounds. Likewise in the second decade of the twentieth century, the fourth edition was published, containing thirty-seven volumes. For the years 1916 – 1937 a supplement is prepared supplement of twenty-seven volumes.
Today is the fifth edition of the published 1960 – 1979. Also in 1988, the Beiltein Institute due to the high demand for acquisition of the copy that is not yet placed on the market. He has created a online service to have access to written material.
🧪The properties of organic chemistry
For the best understanding we will start with elucidating about chemical properties. It is considered to the properties of matter that this changes its composition. Are determined by experimentation on laboratories, related to the reactivity of substances. They can be compare with physical properties. They are dependent on the chemical structure of each compound.
🧪The chemical properties of the elements
Are determined by reaction with water, the oxygen, hydrogen. Performing the notation of the conditions under which which are found as (the pressure, heat), where the reaction is generated and its speed. In this sense, the various classifications of the organic compounds.
🧪Properties of organic compounds
The properties of organic compounds are varied, we will start with that they are part of living beings and the substances related to them. The intramolecular bonds are covalent while the intermolecular bonds are by hydrogen bonding, Van der Waals forces.
The vast majority of them are soluble in water. They are determined by the presence of functional groups. By the amplitude of the carbon chain.
What is organic chemistry?, is a response to the search for knowledge on a broad but interesting topic, I invite you to reread this article whenever you deserve it.
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