Factors Affecting Conductivity
Ohm's law can be easily defined as conductivity by V = IR, where V is the voltage across the sample, Y is the current, and R is the resistance. The behavior determines the ability of the material to conduct electricity.
Factors that affect conductivity measurements are listed below.
If the size of the ion increases, the conductivity also increases, since it is inversely proportional to the size of the ions.
The concentration of the solution shows:
As the concentration of the sample solution increases, conductivity can be reduced because it is inversely proportional to conductivity; therefore, conductivity measurement requires a dilute sample solution.
Nature of the electrolyte:
Strong electrolytes completely dissociate into ions, therefore the conductance of solutions is high.
Number of ions present in the sample solution:
It generally depends on the dissolution of the sample into ions. The amount of ions in solution is specifically related to conductance.
The conductivity of the electrolyte increases with increasing temperature. This is due to the mobility of ions to increase in temperature.
The charge of the ions:
The conductivity of the sample solution decreases on positively charged ions and negatively charged ions increase the conductivity.
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