Difference Between Polar and Nonpolar Molecules

Some differences between polar and non-polar molecules are mentioned here.

polar molecules:

  1. Polar molecules are symmetrical.
  2. Polar molecules have electric dust.
  3. In polar molecules, one end of the molecule is positive, while a negative charge exists at the other end.
  4. H bonds are produced.
  5. There is at least one polar covalent in the polar bonds to all polar molecules.
  6. The polar bond has charge separation.
  7. It has a dipole moment.
  8. It has a high surface tension, melting point and boiling point.
  9. It interacts with other polar molecules.
  10. Examples of polar molecules are water, ammonia and ethanol.

Non-polar molecules:

  1. Nonpolar molecules are symmetrical.
  2. The non-polar molecule is devoid of electrical dust.
  3. There is no profusion of charges at opposite ends of nonpolar molecules.
  4. Van der Waal interactions between non-polar bonds.
  5. There is no nonpolar covalent in all nonpolar molecules.
  6. There is no charge separation in nonpolar molecules.
  7. It has no dipole moment.
  8. It has low surface tension, melting point and boiling point.
  9. It does not interact with other non-polar molecules.
  10. Examples of nonpolar molecules are petroleum, benzene, methane.

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