Laboratory Mortar

Laboratory Mortar - A Crucial Tool for Precise Sample Preparation

Since ancient times, this tool has become the most widely used in laboratories due to its use in pharmaceutical processes for the creation of medicines. Today, as before, it plays a fundamental role in chemistry laboratories. Why thanks to the laboratory mortar, certain ingredients can be crushed or crushed until they become. In a kind of powder or in much smaller pieces being of great help. To carefully study the sample and facilitate its handling. This is the reason to inquire about the laboratory mortar.

📋 Index of contents
  1. Introduction
  2. What is a Laboratory Mortar?
  3. Benefits of Using a Laboratory Mortar
  4. Applications of Laboratory Mortars
    1. 1. Pharmaceutical Research
    2. 2. Material Science
    3. 3. Environmental Science
  5. Antiquity of the laboratory mortar.
  6. What is a mortar and pylon laboratory?
  7. What is the function from the laboratory mortar or pylon?
  8. Type
  9. FAQs
    1. Q: What is the difference between a mortar and a pestle?
    2. Q: What type of mortar is best for my application?
    3. Q: How do I clean a laboratory mortar?
  10. Conclusion


In any laboratory, sample preparation is a crucial step in the research process. Precise and accurate sample preparation can have a significant impact on the results obtained from experiments. One of the key tools for sample preparation in a laboratory is a laboratory mortar. In this article, we will explore the benefits and applications of laboratory mortar and how it can help in achieving precise sample preparation.

What is a Laboratory Mortar?

A laboratory mortar is a bowl-shaped container made of porcelain, glass, or other materials, with a pestle that is used for grinding and mixing materials. It is a common tool in scientific research and is used to grind and mix solid or semisolid samples with a solvent or another material. Laboratory mortars come in various sizes, from small handheld models to large, heavy-duty versions used in industrial research.

Benefits of Using a Laboratory Mortar

Using a laboratory mortar has several benefits for sample preparation, including:

  • Precise Sample Preparation: Laboratory mortars provide precise and uniform grinding and mixing, ensuring that the sample is homogenous and ready for analysis.
  • Reduced Contamination: Unlike other types of equipment, laboratory mortars do not introduce contaminants into the sample during grinding or mixing, which can affect the accuracy of the results.
  • Versatility: Laboratory mortars can be used with a wide range of samples, including plant and animal tissues, minerals, and pharmaceuticals.
  • Ease of Use: Laboratory mortars are easy to use and can be operated by researchers with minimal training.

Applications of Laboratory Mortars

Laboratory mortars are used in a variety of applications in scientific research, including:

1. Pharmaceutical Research

Pharmaceutical researchers use laboratory mortars to grind and mix active ingredients with excipients, binders, and fillers to make tablets or capsules. The homogeneity of the mixture is critical to the effectiveness and safety of the medication.

2. Material Science

Materials scientists use laboratory mortars to prepare samples for analysis. This can include grinding and mixing metals, ceramics, and polymers to create new materials or test the properties of existing materials.

3. Environmental Science

Environmental scientists use laboratory mortars to grind and mix soil, sediment, and other environmental samples for analysis. This is critical in determining the presence of pollutants, nutrients, and other important parameters.

Antiquity of the laboratory mortar.

This utensil has been intimately linked with chemistry since they used it for the first time ago thousands of years. So much so that it is argued that they have found samples of mortars that has time 35000 years before. In writings from the papyri Egyptians 1550 BC to the Old testament in Proverbs 27:22. As well drawings have been found with clear explanations about mortars in Italy dating from the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. In ancient cultures, the Aztecs and the Maya the mortars found have an age of almost 6000 years.

The Japanese culture, the Hindu have traces of the use of this utensil with which they made healing herbs and food dishes. Europe not is left behind, these created varieties of mortar of different types, sizes. The use it was given was for the creation of medicines and in alchemy. The aborigines of America made their mortars inside a rock making a hollow where they crushed seed, dried fruits. Use a pointed, hard stone, smaller than the hole where it was inserted.

The mortars are grouped so that they would use it many people at the same time, made on a petrified surface.

What is a mortar and pylon laboratory?

It is a thick-walled utensil, container, circular vessel, attached by a club, pylon hand or bar. The container is where the material(s) to be worked on is placed, the mallet is what the crushing is done with, crushing the ingredients into powder or pieces. It is a fundamental piece in chemistry laboratories and in pharmacists since it allows them to manipulate the samples specifically and apothecaries the preparation of medical prescription formulas.

What is the function from the laboratory mortar or pylon?

Laboratory Mortar
Laboratory Mortar

The function of the laboratory mortar is for the vessel retain, contain the chemical elements, ingredients to be ground, which can be solids of various materials. For the mallet is to impact, hit, shred or grinding the chemical elements or ingredients to fragment, crush, crush, grind ingredients, chemical elements. In order to study carefully and have easy manipulation, prepare medical prescriptions. Be an instrument used both in the kitchen and in the laboratories of chemical, pharmaceutical.

That allows the person to be in control of the way the one that will turn the ingredient. If any ingredient contains liquid parts it should be crushed carefully to avoid let it splash.   It is a useful tool and simple that can be used by anyone. Widely used in the laboratories and in pharmacies that despite the existence of machines Moderna, laboratories work with small quantities and many times it is it is necessary to use the mortar and it gets specific results, no machine has displaced it.


There is a variety of mortars for the kitchen and for laboratories we will refer to the second ones which must have quality in their materials, possess certain characteristics to ensure that the ingredients or prepared elements are not damaged due to their porosity exchanging particles to both sides, among the materials that offer hardness and resistance, are optimal for the function performed by the chemistry laboratory mortar and for pharmacy are recommended: quartz, ceramic, glass, metal, diamond, porcelain, marble, wood, stone.

Laboratory mortar is found in various sizes depending on the use that is going to be given. Its cost is determined depending on its size and of the material from which it is made. They have not had structural modifications over time, only the size has varied to fit the needs of those who are using it between 80ml to 500ml, preserves the presence of a sharp spout for pouring the crushed product, of more or less thickness on the walls depending on the size.

You already have the necessary information to be able to work with the laboratory mortar when you need it, if you require to reread you can do it or else check out another of our articles.


Q: What is the difference between a mortar and a pestle?

A: A mortar is a bowl-shaped container, while a pestle is a rod-shaped tool used for grinding and mixing materials in the mortar.

Q: What type of mortar is best for my application?

A: The type of mortar you need will depend on the type of sample you are working with. Porcelain mortars are suitable for general use, while glass mortars are ideal for samples that require a non-reactive surface.

Q: How do I clean a laboratory mortar?

A: Laboratory mortars should be cleaned with warm water and soap, followed by rinsing with distilled water. If the mortar is contaminated with a strong acid or base, it should be soaked in a solution of baking soda and water before cleaning.


In conclusion, a laboratory mortar is a crucial tool for precise sample preparation in scientific research. Its benefits include reduced contamination, versatility, ease of use, and precise sample preparation. Laboratory mortars find applications in pharmaceutical research, material science, environmental science, and other fields. With proper use and care, a laboratory mortar can last for many years, providing accurate and consistent results for researchers and scientists. Therefore, if you are involved in sample preparation in a laboratory, a laboratory mortar is an essential tool to consider adding to your equipment list.

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Jose Hullgren (Laboratory Analist)

Hello to all readers, my name is Jose Hullgren, it is a pleasure to present you this website of my authorship, I am currently working as a laboratory analyst and for the last 10 years I have been working in the pharmaceutical industry. The main idea of this page is to provide relevant information in the field of the pharmaceutical industry above all. We also cover different areas of chemistry and sciences in general that we find interesting. Perfil Linkedin

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