The scientific field is becoming more diverse every day in terms of study topics and processes, so it deserves constant updating in teams. This way the times in which results are obtained are shortened. In search of this, thousands of engineers and scientists have created devices with millions of purposes. In this article we will introduce the wonderful Kipps apparatus and the reasons why it occupies the 29th place in our ranking.
What is the Kipps apparatus?
Also known as a Kipp Generator, it is a novel laboratory instrument that is responsible for the preparation of gases in small volumes. It is named after its inventor, a Dutchman named Petrus Jacobus Kipp, in the year 1844.
How Does a Kipps Apparatus Work?
The Kipps Apparatus works by generating gases through the process of chemical reaction. It consists of three main parts: a reaction flask, a delivery tube, and a gas-collecting jar. The reaction flask contains the chemicals that react to produce the gas, while the delivery tube allows the gas to escape and enter the gas-collecting jar. The gas-collecting jar is used to store the gas for further use.
Parts of the Kipps apparatus
3 spherical cylinders that can be of polyethylene or from vidrio.La communication extends from the cylinder upper to the lower, the middle cylinder has no communication with the last.A conical plate with size holes tiny, known as a retaining plate. Is designed to allow the gas and liquid passage, it is located between the middle and lower cylinders.Has a stopcock or valve in the middle cylinder that allows the extraction of the gas.
Components of a Kipps Apparatus
A typical Kipps Apparatus consists of the following components:
- Reaction Flask: This is the main part of the apparatus, where the chemical reaction takes place. It is usually made of glass and has a flat bottom and a round body.
- Delivery Tube: This tube connects the reaction flask to the gas-collecting jar. It is also made of glass and has one end inserted into the reaction flask and the other end immersed in the liquid inside the gas-collecting jar.
- Gas-Collecting Jar: This jar is used to collect and store the gas produced by the reaction. It is usually made of glass and has a stopper with a hole in the center for the delivery tube to pass through.
Uses of a Kipps Apparatus
The Kipps Apparatus is commonly used in the laboratory to generate various types of gases, including hydrogen, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen. It is particularly useful when these gases are needed in small quantities or when they are not readily available in cylinders.
What is the Kipps apparatus for?
The purpose of this appliance is a single produce gas, by what is usually used to produce:
- Hydrochloric acid by means of the reaction of sulfuric acid with ferrous sulfide.
- Carbon dioxide by means of the reaction of hydrochloric acid with calcium carbonate.
- Hydrogen by reacting hydrochloric acid with a appropriate metal.
- Acetylene through the reaction between carbide of calcium and water.
- Ozone by the reaction of barium peroxide and concentrated sulfuric acid.
The solid element must be placed in large lumps on the middle cylinder so that it does not fall through the retaining plate. While the liquid element is placed in the upper cylinder, which gives it fluidity to the lower one through the tube. This liquid does not rise to the middle cylinder by the gas pressure, which is released using the stopcock. By allowing the air to escape, the liquid rises and reacts with the solid through the retaining plate. The gas that gives off this reaction is extracted by the stopcock at ease. When it closes, gas pressure accumulates in the middle cylinder, causing the liquid to descend and slowing down the reaction.
What is the Kipps apparatus made of?
This device is usually made of glass, although it can also be made of polyethylene. The reason why it is resistant to heat, it is similar to a snowman by the way in which its three chambers or cylinders.
There are no differences between Kipp devices worldwide because structurally they are all identical. The only thing that varies is their measurement depending on the amounts of gas they can produce. We find measures of 180 ml, 250 ml, 500 ml and 1000 ml.
With all these reasons it is not difficult to accept that the apparatus de Kipp is ranked number 9 in our ranking. The best materials of laboratory in history are in this top 30.
Advantages of a Kipps Apparatus
There are several advantages to using a Kipps Apparatus in the laboratory, including:
- Cost-Effective: The apparatus is relatively inexpensive and can be used to generate gases at a fraction of the cost of purchasing them in cylinders.
- Safe: The apparatus is easy to operate and does not pose a significant safety risk when used properly.
- Versatile: The Kipps Apparatus can be used to generate a wide variety of gases, making it a versatile tool in the laboratory.
Q. What chemicals can be used in a Kipps Apparatus?
A. A wide range of chemicals can be used in a Kipps Apparatus, depending on the type of gas that needs to be generated. Some common chemicals include hydrochloric acid, sodium chloride, and sulfuric acid.
Q. Is it necessary to use distilled water in a Kipps Apparatus?
A. Yes, it is recommended to use distilled water in a Kipps Apparatus, as tap water may contain impurities that could affect the chemical reaction and the quality of the gas produced.
Q. Can a Kipps Apparatus be used to generate toxic gases?
A. Yes, a Kipps Apparatus can be used to generate toxic gases, but extra caution should be taken to ensure proper ventilation and safety measures are in place.
In conclusion, the Kipps Apparatus is a valuable laboratory tool that has been used for over a century to generate gases for various applications. Its simple design and cost-effectiveness make it a popular choice for laboratories that need small quantities of gases or gases that are not readily available in cylinders. With proper use and maintenance, a Kipps Apparatus can provide reliable results for many years. So, if you are looking for an efficient and versatile tool for generating gases, the Kipps Apparatus is definitely worth considering.
Manufacturers of Kipps Apparatus
- Borosil - Borosil is a leading manufacturer of laboratory glassware in India. They offer a range of Kipps Apparatus with varying volumes and specifications. Their Kipps Apparatus is made of high-quality borosilicate glass and is designed to withstand high temperatures and corrosive chemicals. Website: https://www.borosil.com/
- Kimble Chase - Kimble Chase is a global manufacturer of scientific laboratory glassware and equipment. They offer a range of Kipps Apparatus with different sizes and materials to suit different laboratory needs. Their Kipps Apparatus is made of durable glass and features a leak-proof design for safe operation. Website: https://www.dwk.com/
- Wilmad-LabGlass - Wilmad-LabGlass is a leading manufacturer of NMR and EPR sample tubes, accessories, and laboratory glassware. They offer a range of Kipps Apparatus with different volumes and configurations to suit different laboratory needs. Their Kipps Apparatus is made of high-quality glass and is designed for safe and efficient gas generation. Website: https://www.wilmad-labglass.com/
- Huaou - Huaou is a Chinese manufacturer of laboratory glassware, including Kipps Apparatus. They offer a range of Kipps Apparatus with different capacities and specifications to meet different laboratory requirements. Their Kipps Apparatus is made of high-quality glass and features a leak-proof design for safe and reliable gas generation. Website: https://www.labglassware.com/
- Ace Glass - Ace Glass is a US-based manufacturer of laboratory glassware and equipment. They offer a range of Kipps Apparatus with different volumes and configurations to meet different laboratory needs. Their Kipps Apparatus is made of durable glass and is designed to provide safe and efficient gas generation. Website: https://www.aceglass.com/
These manufacturers offer high-quality Kipps Apparatus with different features and specifications to suit various laboratory needs. Customers can choose the one that best fits their requirements and budget.
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